Track 5: Focusing on Heritage and Smart Culture Virtual Room 1
Jan 13, 2021 01:30 PM - 03:00 PM(Europe/Amsterdam)
20210113T1330 20210113T1500 Europe/Amsterdam Track 5 | Session 1. Smart research on urban heritage

Researchers are developing new approaches and using new technologies and methods to analyse urban heritage using GIS, space syntax approach, satellite images, mathematical models to analyse urban morphology. Different territorial analysis methods are mobilized to reconsider the relation of urban heritage with its surroundings, a larger approach than focusing on monuments, architecture, and public spaces: historical urban landscape, schema-symbols and regional approaches are utilized. Qualitative and quantitative methods are applied to define heritage values based on collective memory and participation. Urban identity related to heritage is benefiting from different concepts to encompass the diverse dimensions of urban heritage. 

The session invites researchers to present and discuss their papers that are based on field surveys and specific methodologies. Keynote will focus on Soho, the famous creative industry district of London and then will discuss on the comprehensive methodology applied and its relationship with other methodologies. Speakers will present their monographies and methodologies applied on case studies in different contexts. Then the discussion will provide the opportunity to confront the different approaches and explain how new technologies and methodologies change the approaches on urban heritage. 

Virtual Room 1 56th ISOCARP World Planning Congress, Virtual Congress congress@isocarp.org

Researchers are developing new approaches and using new technologies and methods to analyse urban heritage using GIS, space syntax approach, satellite images, mathematical models to analyse urban morphology. Different territorial analysis methods are mobilized to reconsider the relation of urban heritage with its surroundings, a larger approach than focusing on monuments, architecture, and public spaces: historical urban landscape, schema-symbols and regional approaches are utilized. Qualitative and quantitative methods are applied to define heritage values based on collective memory and participation. Urban identity related to heritage is benefiting from different concepts to encompass the diverse dimensions of urban heritage. 

The session invites researchers to present and discuss their papers that are based on field surveys and specific methodologies. Keynote will focus on Soho, the famous creative industry district of London and then will discuss on the comprehensive methodology applied and its relationship with other methodologies. Speakers will present their monographies and methodologies applied on case studies in different contexts. Then the discussion will provide the opportunity to confront the different approaches and explain how new technologies and methodologies change the approaches on urban heritage. 

Assessment of the Remains in Historic Urban Area Based on Spatial Prototype: Case Study on JingMen City, ChinaView Abstract
Research Paper 01:30 PM - 03:00 PM (Europe/Amsterdam) 2021/01/13 12:30:00 UTC - 2021/01/13 14:00:00 UTC
Like most historic and cultural cities in China, the historic urban area of JingMen city is facing a typical spatial problem of fragmentation and fuzzification. This study is focused on exploring a method for evaluating the existing values of historic urban area based on spatial prototype. As the spatial elements and built-up relationship of historic city, spatial prototype has habitual structural characteristics and formal modulus. It is the inherent logic and order rules behind the scattered historic environment, providing a clue to understand the spatial characteristics and a basis for guiding the construction and conservation in historic urban areas. Three criteria, the resolution of historical elements, the integrity of historical structure and the renewal potential of associated land, were selected to construct the assessment system. These three dimensions are linked to the spatial prototype and its constituent elements, as well as the transformation relationship in ancient and present day. The results showed that historic urban areas have changed from a holistic city to different existing types dominated by their historic structure elements. Finally, a constructive-conservation strategy should be adopted to enhance the integrity of historic urban area based on the trace of spatial prototype and evaluation results.
Presenters
GX
Guangtong Xu
School Of Architecture And Urban Planning, Huazhong University Of Science And Technology
Co-authors
YH
Yi He
School Of Architecture And Urban Planning, Huazhong University Of Science And Technology
Research on the protection and utilization of historical and cultural resources in the process of urban renewalView Abstract
Research Paper 01:30 PM - 03:00 PM (Europe/Amsterdam) 2021/01/13 12:30:00 UTC - 2021/01/13 14:00:00 UTC
With the continuous progress of urbanization in China, a large number of historical and cultural resources have been seriously damaged. The activation and utilization of historical and cultural resources will not hinder the development of the city, but will greatly improve the quality of the city, which is more important to the high-quality development of the city. Therefore, in the process of rapid urban development, the protection and utilization of historical and cultural resources is particularly important. The author analyzes and studies urban construction, heritage buildings protection and renewal, tourism development, sociology, economics, policies and regulations, and puts forward some methods and strategies for the protection and utilization of historical and cultural resources by means of literature research, application of science and smart technologies, and taking several urban renewal practice projects in different provinces and cities of China as examples. Meantime, the application of science and smart technologies are particularly important for the activation and utilization of historical and cultural resources. The author puts forward specific methods and measures for using Augmented Reality, Virtual Reality, creating app and other new scientific and technological means.
Presenters
FX
Fujun Xia
Shanghai Tongji Urban Planning & Design Institute Co., Ltd.
Cultural heritage: an urban memoir towards Idanre city prosperity View Abstract
Research Paper 01:30 PM - 03:00 PM (Europe/Amsterdam) 2021/01/13 12:30:00 UTC - 2021/01/13 14:00:00 UTC
The present tasks facing most of the cities in Nigeria is over reliance on foreign exchange earnings on crude oil. The task ahead is to ensure cities function properly and cater for its inhabitants adequately. Several effort to diversify and develop other sectors of the economy over the last two decades yielded no positive end. Although the country campaign for more consolidating efforts in agricultural production also faced with inadequacy in infrastructure, credit, political instability as well as energy without any sustainable growth. The crash in global crude oil economy coupled with Corona Virus (CONVID-19) is compelling global south cities to explore alternative source of income. At this crucial time, the need for creative industry to leverage cultural heritage in the face of this daunting challenge cannot be overemphasized as much are the investment opportunities through creative industry. This paper explores Idanre urban memoirs via creative industry to enhance much needed prosperity. The study is underpinned by heritage preservation and urban prosperity. Idanre is a relatively small and historic town in Ondo State situated at the foot of scenic Idanre hills with unique cultural heritage and propensity to attract diverse tourist locally and internationally. Idanre Hills stands out well among all other places that have been proposed as one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Nigeria. The unique features or identities of the city cannot be shared with any other city. It is believed that this cultural heritage when annex with creativity will spur creative industry that fosters economic prosperity. Community participatory exploration of Idanre heritage resources was adopted through focus group discussion personal observation and purposive interview of traditional institutions. This research findings include 1350AD ancient palace on the hill: unique Orogho, Usalu and Udale quarters; Orosun Sacred Groove and Festival; Agaga Hills; Idanre Forest Reserve; and small-scale Cocoa Agricultural Estates. Community consensus identified heritage memorabilia, cottage industry, small scale local chocolate industry, community sacred forest tour guides and Orosun festival as creative industry to enhance the prosperity of the town. The paper recommended that innovation capacity and citizenry interaction are fundamental for desired prosperity through vibrant heritage resources rooted creative industry. Keywords: Creative Industry, Cultural Heritage, Branding, Memorabilia, Memory, Self-sufficiency, Urban Prosperity
Presenters Oluwasegun Esan
Post Graduate Student, Department Of Architecture, University Of Lagos. Nigeria
Historical prescriptiveness: characteristics identification and overall protection of historical cities from the perspective of spatial translation ——take the ancient city of shipu, zhejiang, china as an exampleView Abstract
Research Paper 01:30 PM - 03:00 PM (Europe/Amsterdam) 2021/01/13 12:30:00 UTC - 2021/01/13 14:00:00 UTC
The rapid development of Chinese cities in the past three decades has caused the transformation of the structure of historical urban spaces, resulting in the fragmentation of historical environment and the blurring of historical pattern. This study proposes to use the epistemology of historical prescriptiveness to recognize the characteristics of urban historical environment, so as to effectively protect the city as a whole. Historical prescriptiveness refers to the spatial-temporal correlation effect in the process of urban historical environment change, which makes the current historical elements of the city present as a whole with hierarchy, structure and system.This kind of epistemology is most prominent in ancient maps. The schema-symbol relation can express the paradigm of traditional structure, the schema-symbol choice can express the order of multiple symbols, and the schema-symbol intention can express the meaning of camp city culture. Based on these potential criteria, this study summarizes the logical relations and existing forms of the old and new elements in urban space, and then explores the historical prescriptive content.The specific content of historical prescriptiveness is embodied in the following aspects: the implicit control of the historical pattern in spatial positioning, the transformation and recognition of historical elements in evolutionary comparison, and the inheritance and continuation of urban memory in the extraction of connotations.Taking the ancient city of Shipu in Zhejiang as an example, the study explores the characteristics of the ancient city of Shipu from three aspects: the succession of Haiphong ’s fortification and city-port structure, the alienation of the texture of the ancient towns and streets of Jiangnan, the rejuvenation of the city with the reappearance of culture in eastern Zhejiang. Based on this case, this study proposes a holistic conservation idea of historical city in the modern context of "space and time compression".
Presenters
XY
Xiaoya Yi
Wuhan,Hubei Province,China, Huazhong University Of Science & Technology
Significance of Cultural Heritage Assets in Relation to Urban Morphology a Case of Egba-AkeView Abstract
Research Paper 01:30 PM - 03:00 PM (Europe/Amsterdam) 2021/01/13 12:30:00 UTC - 2021/01/13 14:00:00 UTC
ABSTRACT This study explored relationship between the importance of cultural heritage assets and formation of Egba-Ake town. Cultural heritages include man’s physical imaginative products which can be touched and seen include buildings, crafts, tools, ivory, cowries, paintings, textiles, pestles, mortars, food, wooden objects, tombs & grave goods, temples, dresses, pottery & potsherd pavements, monuments, books and artifacts. Morphology are factors that influence city/community formation which are determined by synthetic and natural determinants. Cultural heritage assets is whatsoever is valued by people today that was also cherished by former generations. This research explored the importance of cultural heritage assets in relation to urban fabrics formation of Egba-Ake. Qualitative method was adopted in this study, in-depth interviews and personal observation was used for data collection while place, sustainable theories, Nvivo words tree and satellite imagery were used to analyze collected data. Ake’s palace and Itoku market is located at the center around which the Egba-Ake evolved. Ake’s Palace (political and cultural hub of the town) and Itoku market (the economic heritage of the town) was used to preserve various aspects of Egba-Ake cultural heritage. Ela festival (new yam festival) is annually celebrated cultural activity in Egba-Ake. This finding is relevant to policy makers as it allows the support of potential common structures for heritage administration in Egba-Ake. Further studies will enhance the implementation issues which may arise from the creation of a framework for cultural heritage management, with emphasis on risk management and risk reduction of cultural heritage. Keywords: Urban cultural heritage, Cultural activities, Egba-Ake morphology, Identity.
Presenters TITILAYO ANIFOWOSE
Researcher, University Of Lagos Akoka, Lagos State Nigeria
Application Research of The Chinese Traditional Ecological WisdomView Abstract
Research Paper 01:30 PM - 03:00 PM (Europe/Amsterdam) 2021/01/13 12:30:00 UTC - 2021/01/13 14:00:00 UTC
In the transition period of China's urbanization rate reached 60%, the excessive stage from the traditional industrial civilization to ecological civilization is the inevitable choice. In the transition period, we cannot only absorb the western development experiences of eco-city, but also should combine China's traditional ecological wisdom from the agricultural civilization during thousands of years. In this paper, the author analyses the concept and origin of traditional ecological wisdom, the related research status and development trend at home and abroad. Collect and select the technique or technology which is full of ecological value or representative, the ecological engineering which is time tested or benefited by ten thousand generations in certain region of China, establish a case base of the Chinese traditional ecological wisdom. On this basis, research the ecological concept, principles, strategies and methods of these cases. Construct a set of system principle to concise wisdom and draw the outline of urban soul. Finally, combining with China's environmental problems since the industrialization and the various problems encountered in the process of ecological city construction, to explore how to use the ecological wisdom spectrum guiding the sustainable studies, planning, design and management of the contemporary urban. Through the study of this article, it has the theory significance by constructing the principle of traditional ecological wisdom. It has the cultural meaning by inheritancing the traditional culture essence. It also has the practical significance by discovering the power source of the eco-city construction in the future.
Presenters
QZ
Qian ZHAO
Shanghai Tongji Urban Planning & Design Institute Co. Ltd.
Spatial Cultures of Soho, London Exploring the Evolution of Space, Culture, and Society of London’s Infamous Cultural QuarterView Abstract
Research Paper 01:30 PM - 03:00 PM (Europe/Amsterdam) 2021/01/13 12:30:00 UTC - 2021/01/13 14:00:00 UTC
Space as affording social interaction is highly debated subject among various epistemic disciplines. This research contributes to the discussion by shedding light on urban culture and community organisation in spatialised ways. Providing a case of London’s famous cultural quarter, Soho, the research investigates the physical and cultural representation of the neighbourhood and relates it to the evolving socio-spatial logic of the area. Utilising analytical methods of space syntax and its network graph theories developed based on the human perception of space, the research narrates the evolution in spatial configuration and its implication on the social morphology of the neighbourhood. The research examines the shifting identity of the area from its past as an immigrant quarter to its present as a celebrated gay village. The research also provides a holistic view on ‘space’ and ‘place’, by engaging various perspective from spatial, social, cultural, and temporal epistemics. For example, what is a gay space, scared space or just a place, in Soho’s societal and physical fabric are investigated. The approach, therefore, combines analytical methods, such as network analysis, historical morphology analysis and distribution of land uses over time, with empirical methods, such as observations, auto-ethnography, literature, and photographs. Dataset comprises of street network graphs, historical maps, and street telephone and trade directories, as well as a list of literature, and data collected by the author through surveys. Soho’s cosmopolitanism and its ability to reinvent over time, when viewed through the prism of spatial cultures, help understand the potential of urban fabric in maintaining a time-space relationship and organisation of community life. Social research often tends to overlook the relationship between people and culture with their physical environment, where they manifest through the various practices and occupational distribution. In the case of Soho, the research found that there was a clear distribution of specific communities along specific streets over a certain period in the history. The gay bars were situated along Rupert and Old Compton Street, whereas the Jewish and Irish traders were established on Berwick Street, and so on. Upon spatial analysis of Soho and its surrounding areas, it was found that the streets of Soho were unlike that of its surrounding neighbourhoods. In Soho, the streets were organised with a certain level of hierarchy, and this hierarchy also shifted over time. This impacted the distribution of landuses within the area over time. Street hierarchy was measured through mathematical modelling of streets as derived by space syntax. In doing so, the research enabled viewing spaces and communities as evolving in parallel over time. In conclusion, the research showed that the configuration of Soho’s physical structure directly contributed to the evolving nature of its culture and identity. By mapping the activities and the spatiality of Soho’s various cultural inhabitants over three historical periods and connecting these changes to the changing spatial morphology of the region, the research highlighted the importance of space in establishing the evolving nature of Soho. Such changes are visible in both symbolic and functional ways, from the location of a Govinda temple on a Soho square street, to the rise and fall of culture specific landuses such as gay bars on Old Compton Street. The research concludes by highlighting gentrification as an example of this time-space relation and addresses the research gap of studying spaces for its ability to afford changeability over time.
Presenters Aditya Vinod Buchinger
University College London
Co-authors
SG
Sam Griffiths
Associate Professor, University College London
School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Huazhong University of Science and Technology
Shanghai Tongji Urban Planning & Design Institute Co., Ltd.
Post Graduate Student
,
Department of Architecture, University of Lagos. Nigeria
Wuhan,Hubei Province,China
,
Huazhong University of Science & Technology
researcher
,
university of Lagos Akoka, Lagos State Nigeria
+ 2 more speakers. View All
Ms Laura Verdelli
Lecturer
,
University of Tours
Mr Eric Huybrechts
Manager of International affairs
,
Institut Paris Region
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