Papers

Climate change, population growth, and economic development1 make the need for a sustainable FEW Nexus more urgent than ever since the demand for food, energy and water is increased. Urban communities are very vulnerable in the coming changes as 66% of the total population will be urban by 20506 and...

Case Study Report

Major challenges facing cities globally stem from rapid urbanization, population increase and city development driven on oil with complex systems, functions and economy. Rhodes (2008) illustrates how in the 20th century, various urban planning movements evolved to create energy intensive and oil-dep...

Case Study Report

When public spaces are designed we often miss these important stakeholders–people with disabilities, children, and the elderly. Their need for accessible and barrier-free spaces falls through the cracks of city planning. In 2011, ESAF a pan India NGO, with the help of the HealthBridge Foundation o...

Case Study Report

In an era of vanishing footpaths and widening carriageways, the city of Chennai in Tamil Nadu, India has been introducing a host of initiatives prioritising pedestrians, cyclists and public transport users — giving these social heroes their due. With nearly two third of the city users commuting da...

Case Study Report

Tehran City with a multimillion population is the economic and political hub of the country. This city is located in an area with high seismic risk and it is quite possible for Tehran to experience a big earthquake in near future. Large population and vulnerability of many buildings makes the respon...

Case Study Report

Lodz is a city in central Poland whose dynamic development falls on the 19th century. Located in the city center, Posiadła wodno-fabryczne (Water and factory estate) is the historical name of the area delineated in 1827 along the Jasień River with the aim of developing the textile industry. In the...

Case Study Report

As part of the Urban planning and architecture department of Kazan city municipality the new bureau has been established. The new transportation planning bureau is one of the core department in the city planning complex. Among the tasks of the department are: - city strategic transport planning poli...

Case Study Report

"A sustainable city requires the highest quality space in its central part, one based on historical identity and multifunctional structure ..." – this is the thesis derived from the so-called Lodz Charter, adopted at the 5th Urban Planning Congress, which was held in Lodz in 2015. It was the start...

Case Study Report

Unlike the developed ones, it is not easy for ill-resourced and weakly economized developing countries to plan and create a stand-alone policy to manage this urban amenity as mentioned in target 11.7 of SDG goals 2030. Especially It is still being considered as a luxury amenity by mass where the pop...

Case Study Report

In Latin American cities informal settlements and insecure land tenure are the result of an exclusionary planning and urban management system which fails to provide legal and secure housing for lower-income groups. Against this backdrop, the State implemented land-title and urban regulatory policies...

Case Study Report

The space at the interface of a port and a city structures accumulates influences resulting from the functions and activities both of the port and city. These functions very often collide with each other and creates dysfunctional zones within port cities. However there are solutions, which create ad...

Case Study Report

Public health challenges and indiscriminate solid waste disposal in Urora, Benin City, Nigeria Abstract Over urbanisation and population explosion in sub-Saharan African cities compound the existing weak urban management services that result in public health issues. Public health challenges such as ...

Case Study Report

On the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi- who believed in Cleanliness is next to Godliness- Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan, a pan-India mission also known as Clean Indian Mission. Aimed at eradicating open defecation across India by October 2, 2019, the Mission identi...

Case Study Report

In recent years, the innovative economy has become an important engine of global economic growth, and high-tech enterprises have become a new driving force for innovative development in many countries and regions. With the rapid development and widespread application of information technology, the o...

Case Study Report

Today’s material flows are too wasteful. In order to get closer to achieving the climate goals we have to start optimizing these flows by integrating them. Current planning policies often persist in consuming too much (space) land coping with these flows as separate phenomena. To counter this poli...

Case Study Report

Reconversion of Brussels urban motorways in the post-oil era. The Brussels-Capital Region experiences approximately 5.4 million passengers movements daily, the majority of which are done by car with the commuter flow entering or leaving the Region representing 33% thereof. The Government of the Brus...

Case Study Report

Health has been considered as the pulse of the New Urban Agenda, while innovation districts have been acknowledged as the driving force of new economies. The health issues of innovation districts should be paid more attention to not only because both their irreplaceable roles in urban developments, ...

Case Study Report

Water is one of the most precious elements and since centuries, human settlements have developed around natural water bodies like rivers and lakes. However, in recent times, the haphazard development along the water bodies has adversely affected the natural drainage pattern of these water bodies res...

Case Study Report

Traditional urban fabrics, mainly developed without urban planning, have caracteristics required for Post oil cities : human scale, mix use, low car traffic, low energy emissions building materials, bioclimatic buildings. Their urban fabric are not compatible with the urban planning standards, commo...

Case Study Report

In employment sector, mostly labor class group or lower income people are discriminated by income or wages, honor or status, etc. Lacking of decency in employment is the main reason behind it which make people feel lowly, dishonored and degrades mental health. As like creating employment opportuniti...

Case Study Report

Poor, illiterate immigrants unlawfully living in tiny, unhygienic, densely packed shanties on pavements, drains and public lands, doing menial and insignificant jobs: that is the image of slums and slum dwellers in the eyes of the general public and often, even the authorities (Dupont, 2008; Bhan, 2...

Case Study Report

Global trends in the transition to sustainable development and restoration of natural ecosystems, driven primarily by megacities, as well as decentralization reform, Ukraine's sustainable development strategy 2030, changes in the law on the capital of Ukraine led to the creation of this concept of u...

Case Study Report

This paper explores how India’s urban planning frameworks need to be recalibrated to improve livelihood resiliency of urban poor, against public health emergencies. The coronavirus pandemic has substantially impacted India’s urban systems. The high-risk red zone classification of districts issue...

Case Study Report

This case study investigates how the built environment can respond to challenges such as keeping the citizens physically active during crisis of Covid-19 pandemics. Many of the countries have imposed lockdowns - more and less strict - or stay at home orders. Many citizens would avoid physical contac...

Case Study Report

The COVID-19 epidemic has taught us a lesson that cities should be treated like organism and urban planning should follow the laws of urban metabolism. Due to economic laws, industrial parks, with irreplaceable roles in urban vitalities, tend to have shorter period of lifetime than other urban areas...

Case Study Report

Urbanization has led to the rapid growth of the city in terms of economy and area. Transportation has turned out to be one of the major bottlenecks to cater to the needs and necessities of the occupants. The demand for motorized roads has made the traditional modes of transport like walking and cycl...

Case Study Report

With the comprehensive development of China's territorial and spatial planning and the continuous advancement of the all-for-one tourism development strategy. The concept of the protection and development of regional culture has gradually transitioned from the traditional isolated development and pr...

Case Study Report

Due to the economic booming of oil/gas discovery in early 1940, Qatar's urban context drastically changed as the urbanization process has been accelerated. As our economy, populations, and community grow over time, rapid urban development rates have been accelerated and the consequent environmental,...

Case Study Report

Purpose: To examine how perceived neighborhood built-environment attributes influence parental license for children’s independent mobility, revealing the child-friendliness in Shanghai, China and what we can do to improve. Background: With Child-friendly City increasingly becoming global focus, ch...

Case Study Report

The livability of a city is assessed based on the availability of public spaces and walking infrastructure. Pedestrian infrastructure in the city adds more human interaction to the city and makes it active and healthy. In this context, ESAF did a walkability assessment of 4 cities in Kerala. I share...

Case Study Report

The crisis of 1989 led to the destruction and degradation of the urban environment in the single-industry towns of Russia. The settling and the influx of the population were forced unnaturally. Perm Region was not an exception as to this strategy, but quite a typical example of Soviet urban planning...

Case Study Report

The prevailing substandard shelter conditions in Africa corroborates the need for and intractability of providing adequate, decent and affordable housing solutions. The housing problem may even be considered a quagmire in the Sub Saharan Africa (SSA) region which is witnessing a phenomenal rate of p...

Case Study Report

One of the most important concerns of humankind today is environmental issues and the health ‎of living organisms. Optical pollution is related to the use of light sources in unnecessary cases ‎or the use of light sources that are disproportionate to the location of use. The optical pollution ...

Case Study Report

The massive development of new capital city (NCC) in East Kalimantan inevitably will create land use change from previously dominated by forest to urbanized area. As consequences, the built-up area development in a forest rich island therefore will bring disruption to the ecosystem, impacting on the...

Case Study Report

Tractebel developed a Cities Vision for the horizon 2030 for ENGIE Research: The evolution of cities is not solely ‘market’ driven, but is also the result of global ‘megatrends’, political conditions and sometimes of unexpected emerging new issues. The impact of these trends and issues (like...

Case Study Report

Globally, cities are being confronted with numerous challenges, as traffic congestion, urban sprawl, and poor living quality. Transit-oriented development is a prominent solution considered to overcome major urban issues. There are various successful examples around the globe in TOD experiments. How...

Case Study Report

Qatar has made substantial investments to improve existing public transport system by implementing a state of the art Metro Network connecting the capital city of Doha with its suburban areas. The country’s visionary leadership and policy planners had realized that one of the key factors in the pu...

Case Study Report

In the era of rapid urbanism, growing transportation demand and supply is increasing burden in urban areas, while central business district areas are major vulnerable zone of this burden. High amount of traffic with lower maintenances provision in CBD areas not only increase the accident rate, but a...

Case Study Report

Over the last half-century, Qatar has witnessed an excessive change in its economic and urban evolution. From the coastal village where fishing and pearling were the main activities of its community to a country with an ambitious vision for the future. Due to economic booming of oil/gas discovery in...

Case Study Report

The city's historic district brings together the city's cityscape in a particular historical period and witnessed the city's development history. It is undoubtedly an important part of the historical and cultural accumulation of the city. Therefore, the renewal planning of the city's historic blocks...

Case Study Report