Papers

The thesis work investigates the causes for the slow down of the process of urbanization in Howrah City; With the idea of identifying the potential areas which can be treated accordingly in order to widen the avenues for any future development in and around the Howrah Station Zone. Treating the land-use of the identified Urban Decay area followed b...

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In 2020, the world has encountered the public health crisis with the largest number of people affected in this century. By 0:00 GMT on May 15, 2020, there are 10 countries with more than 100000 people confirmed infected, and there are 84469 confirmed cases in China and 68134 confirmed cases in Hubei Province, where the COVID-19 was initially found,...

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In recent years, with the continuous understanding and deepening of accessibility in Chinese society, the objects of barrier-free facilities services have expanded from a single physiologically disadvantaged group to groups that include strollers, luggage holders and other groups with travel accessibility needs. This paper summarizes the current st...

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There is a growing need to reevaluate accessibility levels in terms that give weight to the means of accessibility rather than measuring levels of access in abstract terms (or for all modes equally). As a response to both mounting environmental pressures and rising health risks associated with the contagion of non-communicable diseases in overcrowd...

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Due to the economic booming of oil/gas discovery in early 1940, Qatar's urban context drastically changed as the urbanization process has been accelerated. As our economy, populations, and community grow over time, rapid urban development rates have been accelerated and the consequent environmental, climatic, and health challenges are accelerated a...

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Purpose: To examine how perceived neighborhood built-environment attributes influence parental license for children’s independent mobility, revealing the child-friendliness in Shanghai, China and what we can do to improve. Background: With Child-friendly City increasingly becoming global focus, children’s independent mobility, which is a major ...

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The livability of a city is assessed based on the availability of public spaces and walking infrastructure. Pedestrian infrastructure in the city adds more human interaction to the city and makes it active and healthy. In this context, ESAF did a walkability assessment of 4 cities in Kerala. I shared the dissemination of the findings and recommenda...

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The crisis of 1989 led to the destruction and degradation of the urban environment in the single-industry towns of Russia. The settling and the influx of the population were forced unnaturally. Perm Region was not an exception as to this strategy, but quite a typical example of Soviet urban planning The specificity of Russian single-industry towns ...

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The prevailing substandard shelter conditions in Africa corroborates the need for and intractability of providing adequate, decent and affordable housing solutions. The housing problem may even be considered a quagmire in the Sub Saharan Africa (SSA) region which is witnessing a phenomenal rate of population growth and urbanization, without a compl...

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One of the most important concerns of humankind today is environmental issues and the health ‎of living organisms. Optical pollution is related to the use of light sources in unnecessary cases ‎or the use of light sources that are disproportionate to the location of use. The optical pollution ‎not only affects the health of human species, but...

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The consolidation of environment, and technology consistently represents an ample conjunction of developed and innovative elements to serve the landscape. Construction performance depends not only on the operation of individual elements in the building but also on how they behave as integrated approach to satisfy the user demands. In architecture, ...

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Since the onset of democracy in 1994, rural development has been a key concern for government. Translating this into practice has however, proven to be far more difficult than had originally been imagined. Rural communities are still characterised by poverty, inequality, limited access to basic social infrastructure, underdevelopment, lack of econo...

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City-industry integration is a development idea put forward in the context of China's transformation and upgrading compared with the separation of industry and city, which requires the integration of industry and city functions and spatial integration, "promote the city by industry, promote the industry by city, aim at City-industry integration ".A...

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Climate change, population growth, and economic development1 make the need for a sustainable FEW Nexus more urgent than ever since the demand for food, energy and water is increased. Urban communities are very vulnerable in the coming changes as 66% of the total population will be urban by 20506 and food security is crucial. In Qatar, a hot and ari...

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Major challenges facing cities globally stem from rapid urbanization, population increase and city development driven on oil with complex systems, functions and economy. Rhodes (2008) illustrates how in the 20th century, various urban planning movements evolved to create energy intensive and oil-dependent cities with the spatial extents that are di...

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When public spaces are designed we often miss these important stakeholders–people with disabilities, children, and the elderly. Their need for accessible and barrier-free spaces falls through the cracks of city planning. In 2011, ESAF a pan India NGO, with the help of the HealthBridge Foundation of Canada challenged the existing public space desi...

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In an era of vanishing footpaths and widening carriageways, the city of Chennai in Tamil Nadu, India has been introducing a host of initiatives prioritising pedestrians, cyclists and public transport users — giving these social heroes their due. With nearly two third of the city users commuting daily by walking, cycling or public transportation, ...

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Tehran City with a multimillion population is the economic and political hub of the country. This city is located in an area with high seismic risk and it is quite possible for Tehran to experience a big earthquake in near future. Large population and vulnerability of many buildings makes the response operations against disasters, especially an ear...

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Lodz is a city in central Poland whose dynamic development falls on the 19th century. Located in the city center, Posiadła wodno-fabryczne (Water and factory estate) is the historical name of the area delineated in 1827 along the Jasień River with the aim of developing the textile industry. In the nineteenth century, the whole area was built up w...

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As part of the Urban planning and architecture department of Kazan city municipality the new bureau has been established. The new transportation planning bureau is one of the core department in the city planning complex. Among the tasks of the department are: - city strategic transport planning policies; - comprehensive research, evaluation and pro...

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This research analyses the extreme consequences of platform capitalism on the fragile urban composition of informal settlements in São Paulo, Brazil. The illusion of immateriality often hides the very physical effects of platform economies on urban space. Hidden effects include uncontrolled space consumption, slowdown of public transport developme...

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Like many other Middle Eastern cities, Dubai relies heavily on road vehicles, as a result of rapid city planning, car-oriented culture and a polycentric urban form. Though micromobility services have gained tremendous attention globally in the past few years, bikes and scooters have always been associated with an undiscussed negative stigma in this...

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Adaptation to climate change depends centrally on what is done in urban centres and cities. ‎climate change and rapid urbanization have become two major issues related to human welfare ‎and development around the world. One of the environmental aspects that are influenced by ‎urbanization is urban micro-climate. Human activities and urban dev...

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Today’s material flows are too wasteful. In order to get closer to achieving the climate goals we have to start optimizing these flows by integrating them. Current planning policies often persist in consuming too much (space) land coping with these flows as separate phenomena. To counter this policy we have to start creating multi-functional spac...

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Reconversion of Brussels urban motorways in the post-oil era. The Brussels-Capital Region experiences approximately 5.4 million passengers movements daily, the majority of which are done by car with the commuter flow entering or leaving the Region representing 33% thereof. The Government of the Brussels-Capital Region is now at a critical point in ...

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Health has been considered as the pulse of the New Urban Agenda, while innovation districts have been acknowledged as the driving force of new economies. The health issues of innovation districts should be paid more attention to not only because both their irreplaceable roles in urban developments, but also because the residents of innovation distr...

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Water is one of the most precious elements and since centuries, human settlements have developed around natural water bodies like rivers and lakes. However, in recent times, the haphazard development along the water bodies has adversely affected the natural drainage pattern of these water bodies resulting in increased flooding situations. Chennai, ...

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Traditional urban fabrics, mainly developed without urban planning, have caracteristics required for Post oil cities : human scale, mix use, low car traffic, low energy emissions building materials, bioclimatic buildings. Their urban fabric are not compatible with the urban planning standards, common urban regulation. They require specific tools an...

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In employment sector, mostly labor class group or lower income people are discriminated by income or wages, honor or status, etc. Lacking of decency in employment is the main reason behind it which make people feel lowly, dishonored and degrades mental health. As like creating employment opportunities, it is important to achieve decency in employme...

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Poor, illiterate immigrants unlawfully living in tiny, unhygienic, densely packed shanties on pavements, drains and public lands, doing menial and insignificant jobs: that is the image of slums and slum dwellers in the eyes of the general public and often, even the authorities (Dupont, 2008; Bhan, 2009). A generic narrative that establishes slums a...

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