Urban parks are adapted for the future?

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Submission Summary
Moscow is the largest city in the world situated so far from equator, its agglomeration has a population of 17,2 million people. Represents the capital of snow agglomerations, where average annual daytime air temperature is ‎5,8 °C‎. Moscow is one of the world’s mega cities. Moscow faces the same problems and challenges of large cities as anywhere else: big waste generator, air pollution, emerging lifestyles in emerging conditions, cultural and social changes, transformation of visual environment, of urban landscape. In the era of Covid-19, we are faced with new challenges. Weaknesses are evident in everyday life now. During the period of pandemic in Moscow from 2nd of April it is prohibited to visit 55 city parks, estates and recreation areas (and not only this areas). But it is well known that the air in the apartment is 4-6 times dirtier than in the street and 8-10 times more toxic than in the street. What is better: stay at home during emergency situation of pandemic or have the possibility to go out of home to breeze more healthy air? More healthy air is a crucial component for people well-being at every age, but especcialy for elderly people, for people with cardiovascular diseases and others, for kids etc. The transport continues to work in Moscow, supermarkets also, pharmacies, and other basic services. But is air not the primary good and necessity for well-being of everyone? Should parks be closed during mass infections? What should be the parks during the period of mass infectious diseases? What need we change in our urban parks and urban forests to continue use them, visit them, walk in them, breathe clean air, have more healthy environment also in emergency situation of pandemic? Which new strategic values can be introduced for development urban green environment of the generation? The paper will analyse how the urban parks and urban forests can be more adaptive for situation of pandemic. How we can change and what we need to change in green infrastructure of urban parks to have healthy territories free entrance for citizens also at risk situation. The ecological framework of the city should be assembled from various elements of the cultural landscape and fragments of the surviving nature. The infrastructure of urban green environment need to be adaptive for use also at risk conditions of emergency situation of pandemic to provide possibility to breeze healthy air for citizens.
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6: Creating Healthy and Inclusive Urban Environment
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Senior Lecturer
School of Public Policy, The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA)
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