Design and Case Study of Urban Spatial Structure under the Guidance of Green Transportation

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Submission Summary
With the deteriorating of living environment, the concept of green cities and low-carbon cities gradually penetrate into the hearts of people. Among them, green transportation is one of the important manifestations of green development concept. Existing research on green transportation mostly focus on the macro level of strategic analysis and policy suggestions, or based on the optimization or reconstruction of existing transportation modes, or the introduction of green technologies, equipment, and clean energy to reduce transportation energy consumption, generally lacking planning and design strategies and methods that can be implemented. This review is based on the conclusion that the urban spatial structure is decisive for the transportation mode, and combs the relevant research on the urban spatial structure that is conducive to the implementation of green transportation and the low-carbon travel of residents. At the same time, through the study of relevant cases, it is found that the specific urban spatial structure can lead to the corresponding transportation mode. The compact urban structure and functional land use layout are important conditions for the realization of green transportation, which has become the consensus of the academic community, and has been reflected in the case of Portland ’s green transportation planning; at the same time, "small blocks and dense road network" which is suitable for low-carbon residents' travel is an important support for the realization of green transportation at a micro level, which is reflected in the design of the Munich Reims Exhibition and New Town that implements green transportation planning. Therefore, it can be concluded that the urban spatial structure model conducive to the development of green transportation is compact, mixed, and "small blocks, dense road networks".
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3: Planning for Urban Connectivity
School of architecture and urban planning, Tongji University
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